Interesting Facts about Syria

51 Unique Interesting Facts about Syria that Nobody Know

All we can hear about Syria is war and conflict. Yet, there are full of exciting realities that we are unaware of, including historical background.

If you ask someone about Syria, they will tell you about the humanitarian crisis and the people dying in the country. From the earliest settlement to the current destruction, Syria has seen a lot.

This nation has deserts, high mountains, and prolific fields. Here is a brief discussion on the interesting facts about Syria.

Some interesting Syrian facts we should know:

With the accompanying enlightening realities about Syria, we’ll investigate more about its set of experiences, culture, common conflict, and emergencies.

what is syria known for

What is known for?

Syria is familiar as among the most ancient customs in the world, with a lavish archaeological and civilizing tradition. However, in recent times, Syria is mainly known for wars. The Syrian civil war of 2011, which lasted ten years, is the worst destruction of the 21st century.

Founding member:

Syria is a foundation member of the United Nations.

Ruling empires:

Ancient Syria was ruled by several nations such as-

  • Egyptian
  • Hittites
  • Assyrians
  • Babylonians
  • Canaanites
  • Aramean
  • Persians
  • Greek
  • Romans


The entire zone of Syria is 185,180 square kilometers.


The West Asian nation Syria is bordered by the Arabian Peninsula and Turkey to the north, Jordan to the south, the Mediterranean to the east, Iraq, Lebanon, and Israel to the West and Southwest.

Expanded Arab state:

Though at present Syria is separated from the Arab League, it was the most prominent Arab state to rise out of the remains of the Ottoman Empire.

Capital city:

The southwestern corner city of the country, Damascus, is Syria’s capital. It is additionally known as the “pearl of the East.” The name of the capital is originated from Damask, which means an assortment of cotton textures wealthy in dazzling examples.

Capital population:

The population of Damascus, the capital of Syria, according to the report of 2021, is 1,569,394.


In view of the most recent United Nations information, Syria has 17,932,180 populations on July 10, 2021.


The banner of the Syrian Arab Republic, comprising of white, dark and red, has two green stars with five corners in the middle.

Name origination:

The term Syria is derived from Assyria, ultimately from the Akkadian Aššur.


Syria arose as an autonomous country interestingly on October 24, 1945, upon the marking of the United Nations Authority by the Syrian Government, which came into effect in April 1946. In February 1958, Syria converged with Egypt to make the United Arab Republic. However, they withdrew from it in 1961 and turned into an autonomous country.

Largest lake:

Lake Assad is the Biggest Syrian man-made lake that has lasted since 1968.

What is it famous for?

Syria is mainly famous for war and conflict in the current world. However, after the war, Syria is famous for its historical background.


The traditional attire for males is the long gown called “Kaftan.” Female attire is long robes that cover everything except hands and feet. Men and women both wear head wraps. Modern civilization wears western dress.

Food history:

Syrian food is a mixture of the empires that have ruled this country, mainly Persian, Turkish, and Arabs. 

Popular cuisine:

The most popular dishes in Syria are-

  • Mahshi
  • Kebab
  • Kubbeh
  • Sarma
  • Fattoush

culture fact about syria


Syria mainly follows Islamic rules. People follow familial and religious cultures.

Forms of music:

There are two types of Arab music and verse particularly created in Syria, named Muwashshah and Qudud Halabiya.


In 2010, the GDP of Syria per capita was US$ 4,058. Because of affable conflict, Syria had no definitive GDP information accessible since 2012. The principal mainstays of the economy are farming and oil.


  • Cotton festival
  • Independence Day
  • Eid al-Fitr
  • Arabic book fair
  • Silk road festival
  • Eid al-Adha

I.Q. level:

The I.Q. level of Syria is 83. The people in Syria live poorly and have no social benefits due to war which results in this low I.Q. level.

Income tax:

The Syria Personal Income Tax rate is projected to trend around 22% in 2021.

National bird:

The arctic bald ibis is the Syrian national bird.

National flower:

Jasmine, which is a lovely flower and widely cultivated in the country, is known as the national flower of Syria.

National animal:

The national animal of Syria is the Syrian brown bear.

National anthem:

Khalil MardamBey has written the Syrian Arab Republic’s national anthem, “Ḥumāt ad-Diyār,” and Mohammed Flayfel has made the music.

Highest and lowest points:

The highest point of Syria is Mount Hermon which is 2,814m high, whereas the lowest point is an unnamed location near the Sea of Galilee, which is 200m high.

fun facts about syria

Highest and lowest temperature:

The highest recorded temperature in Syria in July is 45°C, and the lowest temperature in December is -11.1°C.

Jasmine city:

World’s oldest city Damascus, founded in the 3rd millennium B.C., is known as “Jasmine city.”

Literacy rate:

According to UNESCO, the literacy rate of an adult is 80.84% in 2004. The male literacy rate is 87.76%, and for females, it is 73.63%.

Favorite game:

Football or soccer is the favorite and most played game of Syria.


  • Lake Assad
  • Lake Homs
  • Sabkhat al-Jabbul
  • Zarzar lake


The national currency of Syria is the Syrian lira also called the Syrian pound which is provided by the Central bank of Syria.

Compulsory education:

Education of Rudimentary and primary was joined into one fundamental instruction stage, and schooling was made mandatory and liberated from grades 1 to 9 out of 2002.


According to the report of 2021, the GDP is $27.26 billion, GDP growth is 3.0%, and the GDP per capita is $790.00. The GDP of agriculture, industries, and services are respectively 10.49%, 26.51%, and 63.0%.

Internet and social media users:

Syria had 8.11 million users of the internet in January 2020, and the users of social media were 6.00 million in February 2020.


It is the largest city of Syria, founded in the sixth millennium B.C. This city bears historical importance as it is located at one end of the Silk Road. Moreover, it is situated in the country’s northwestern section.

Neolithic culture:

Syria was one of the origins of neolithic culture, where agribusiness showed up interestingly.

Visiting mosque of a pope:

John Paul II is the single pope who visited the Umayyad Mosque, Damascus, in 2001.

Heritage Sites:

The world’s Heritage sites recognized by UNESCO are-

  • Ancient villages of Northern Syria
  • The Ancient city of Aleppo
  • The Ancient City of Damascus
  • Crac des Chevaliers and Qal’at Salah El-Din
  • The Ancient city of Bosra
  • Site of Palmyra

Syrian Civil War:

Syrian common conflict initially began between the Syrian Arab Republic drove by President Bashar al-Assad, and some nearby and unfamiliar powers against the Government of Syria. Later on, this unrest grew out of the country and began the vast Syrian civil war. Recently several countries such as Iran, Turkey, Russia, and the United States have been connected directly or indirectly to this war.

Water war:

The Syrian Government is battling a water battle with ISIS to empty water from one another’s area.

The Arab Spring:

Tunisia’s Jasmine Revolution otherwise called the Arab Spring and filled the 2011 Civil War in Syria.

First murder:

It is the legend that the son of Adam and Eve committed the world’s first murder by killing his brother Abel on Mount Cassion near Damascus, Syria.

Syrian refugee:

5.6 million Registered refugees, with almost 2.5 million children living in Lebanon, Turkey, Egypt, Iraq, and Jordan.

Holiest place:

The Umayyad Mosque, situated in Damascus, is the Islamic fourth holiest spot.

Famous people:

  • Saint Peter
  • Bashar al-Assad
  • James
  • Andrew the Apostle
  • Michael Ansara
  • Hafez al-Assad
  • Farid al-Atrash
  • Avraam Russo

Overall we can observe that Syria used to be an outstanding country with a rich historical background. But due to this civil war of 10 years, Syria has deteriorated a lot with a massive loss. So let us know if you are aware more about Syria. 

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